UK military chiefs urge army ‘mobilisation’ over Russia threat
LONDON: British military leaders warned on Tuesday that UK armed forces must “mobilise” in response to the threat posed by Russia, with the army’s new chief invoking the Allies’ struggle against Nazi Germany.
Defence Secretary Ben Wallace and Patrick Sanders, a general and the army’s most senior officer, both argued in separate speeches that Britain’s army must ramp up its readiness following Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine.
Wallace, who has been in post for three years, also suggested the government will need to further boost defence spending to meet the heightened threat.
“There’s a very real danger that Russia will lash out against wider Europe, and that in these days of long-range missiles and stealth, distance is no protection,” he told an audience at military think-tank the Royal United Services Institute.
“Investment needs to continue to grow. Before it becomes too late to address the resurgent threat and the lessons learned in Ukraine, it is time to mobilise, to be ready and to be relevant.” His comments came as Nato members met in Madrid on Tuesday for a three-day summit, after the military alliance announced it would boost its high-readiness force from 40,000 to 300,000 troops.
Nato chief Jens Stoltenberg has called the move “the biggest overhaul of our collective defence and deterrence since the Cold War”.
In a wide-ranging speech to mark taking over his role this month, Sanders insisted Russian President Vladimir Putin’s Ukraine invasion endangered Western “principles of sovereignty and democracy”.
He said Britain faced “a new reality” and “a race to mobilise” and needed more soldiers at perpetual high readiness alongside broader modernisation plans.
“This is our 1937 moment,” Sanders added, referring to the Western Allies’ struggle to subdue Nazi Germany before World War II.
“We must act rapidly so that we aren’t drawn into one through a failure to contain territorial expansion.” Adding that it was “dangerous” to assume Russian aggression will end with Ukraine, Sanders predicted Moscow will be “an even greater threat to European security after Ukraine than it was before”.
“The Russian invasion has reminded us of that time-honoured maxim that if you want to avert conflict, you better be prepared to fight,” he said.
Sanders explained mobilisation would now be the army’s “main effort” over the coming years in four key areas, including rethinking “how we fight” and reviewing the structure of the army, alongside the readiness-boosting and modernisation drive.
However, it comes amid plans to reduce the size of Britain’s army by around 10,000 to 70,000 soldiers, and reported private demands from Wallace for increased funding due to the Ukraine conflict.
Noting this, Sanders said: “As the threat changes we’ll change with it”.
“It would be perverse if (I) was advocating reducing the size of the army as a land war rages in Europe and (Russian President Vladimir) Putin’s territorial ambitions extend into the rest of the decade and beyond Ukraine,” he added.
But asked whether he would reverse the planned cuts and heed calls for more defence spending, Britain’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson was noncommittal.
Published in Dawn, June 29th, 2022